RFID/NFC technology

What is RFID?

RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) is a general term for techniques operating on radio frequencies. RFID is an automatic identification technology which enables data transfer between a tag and a reader without eye sight. Each tag may carry their unique identifying number and have re-writable memory. A tag can be programmed to store information about the product, manufacturing process, time, location etc. An RFID system consists of tags and reader devices as well as back-end system for feeding and reading information. The devices can be anything from small and compact module boards to vehicle accessible gates. Back-end system — software solution — gathers the information and includes required connections to databases etc. To implement an RFID solution is nowadays more likely to be a software project.

There are several type of RFID tags and many protocols. If the tag is equipped with a battery it is called an active tag, meaning longer read range and higher unit price. Lower cost tags do not have own power source, but the energy for data transfer is received from the reader. These are called passive tags. Both passive and active tags can have writable and re-writable memory.

What is NFC?

nfc ENNFC (Near Field Communication), a short-range wireless connectivity technology that evolved from a combination of existing contactless identification and interconnection technologies. Aimed especially for consumer solutions and payment used with NFC enabled mobile phones.




What is HF?

hf ENHF (High Frequency), RFID frequency band (13,56 MHz) which is used especially for item level solutions (industry, document management and library solutions) and for NFC. Protocols include ISO 15693 and ISO 14443-A/B.




What is UHF?

uhf ENUHF (Ultra High Frequency), RFID frequency band (860 – 960 MHz) which is used especially for logistics’ identification solutions. UHF is suitable for quick identification of large quantities of products and goods. Protocols include EPC Gen 2 (ISO 18000-6C) and ISO 18000-6B.